A These Canadians had come south of Kandahar, searching

     A planned and overwhelming attack of
September 11, 2001, known as 9/11, had become

the
incident leading up to Canada’s longest battle so far in Canadian history; the
Afghanistan

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war.
Early that day, suicide attacks were carried out shortly after a group of
terrorists

hijacked
four passenger planes. Everyone died on board, close to 3,000 people were
killed on

ground,
and many others were left injured. The attack was claimed by Al Qaeda, an
Islamist

terror
organization led by Osama bin Laden. Angered by this, President George W. Bush,

leader
of the U.S. at the time, said that they must hand bin Laden over to pay for
this crime

and
disband. When Al Qaeda didn’t agree, the President then initiated a campaign with
its

allies
to take down the terrorists once and for all. An extensive fourteen-year period
of

military
invasion, naval contribution and fighting to restore peaceful conditions in
Kabul and

Kandahar,
makes up Canada’s effort during the War in Afghanistan.

     Canada’s role in this military mission
begins in secrecy amongst its first learned soldiers,

placed
in Afghanistan by December 19, 2001, for the start of Operation Apollo. About
forty

of
the soldiers had been on ground and in or surrounding the province of Kandahar.
Later the

invasion
of 2001 was done by the United States, British and other international forces.

The
Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry, of approximately 1,200 troops
followed

them
in this battle group, by February 2002. These Canadians had come south of
Kandahar,

searching
for insurgents in the area, as part of the United States Army task force. In
the

capital
city of Kabul, the Taliban regime was quickly intruded by the Canadian-U.S.
joined

army
and other international forces. This was all possible because of opposing
Afghan

militants
that helped them.

     As part of the U.S. led counter-terrorism
naval campaign, warships were sent from

Canada
to southwest Asia. There weren’t any ocean borders in Afghanistan, so the naval

effort
indirectly impacted the military situation there. To secure the region, the
Navy

patrolled
on the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. Also, they searched ships and other

civilian
vessels for secret shipments of drugs that would be used for the funding of
terrorist

groups
and wanted terrorists. It was said to be the busiest naval deployment of
Operation

Apollo,
over the time period of 2001-2003. From bases in Halifax and Esquimalt, fifteen

Canadian
warships were sent to the region. Six other Canadian ships along this area as
well,

with
1,500 personnel, had operated around the same time in January 2002. This was

Canada’s
largest naval operation since after World War II.

      In Kabul and Kandahar, Canada sustained
an army of around 2,000 infantry soldiers,

multi-purpose
and unnamed aircrafts from the Royal Canadian Air Force and useful military

equipment
received overtime; artillery, tanks and armoured vehicles. Restoring
conditions,

defending
and securing the region was Canada’s main contribution. Infantry soldiers were

able
to set up support units too. For instance, there had been a field hospital in
Kandahar.

Also,
the Afghan National army received mentors and training from small groups and

volunteers
sent from all over Canada and the police forces. Often, Taliban guerrilla
fighters

were
battled by Canadian forces in open combat and Canadians had several small
victories.

This
did not effect much, however, because the insurgent forces would retreat and
return

after
recruiting more people and come back in greater numbers. Security had continually

begun
to worsen as casualties grew by 2006 and it dragged on into 2011. Canadians
lost their

strong
eight-year hold on the region and the war was eventually lost. Overall, Canada had

spent
an estimation of $18-billion in combat and restoring Afghanistan. 

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