Abraham and was elected to the Illinois House of

Abraham Lincoln – Best Spoken Abraham Lincoln was an American Lawyer who came from humble beginnings in Hodgenville, Kentucky. Lincoln grew up on the western frontier in Kentucky and Indiana and was for the most part self-educated. Despite this, he became a lawyer in Illinois, a Whig Party leader, and was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives. Lincoln ended up serving in this position for eight years. Lincoln was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1846, Lincoln promoted rapid modernization of the economy and opposed the Mexican–American War. In 1854,  Lincoln became a leader in building the new Republican Party, which had a statewide majority in Illinois. In 1860, Lincoln secured the Republican Party presidential nomination as a moderate from a swing state. Though he gained very little support in the slaveholding states of the South, he swept the North and was elected president in 1860. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War, the bloodiest war and perhaps the greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis for the US. In doing so, he preserved the Union, paved the way for the abolition of slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. His motivational speeches such as the Gettysburg address and the Emancipation Proclamation helped to unite the people on both sides of the war to one common cause. In these incredibly troubling times, Americans needed a positive presence that could positively impact moral as well as give them a purpose for fighting against one another. Lincoln’s speaking skills had a major influence on people on both sides of this Civil War and played a pivotal role in restoring unity to the United States of America.George Washington – Most Likely to Succeed George Washington was an extremely accomplished soldier who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797 and was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and later presided over the 1787 convention that drafted the United States Constitution. He is popularly considered the driving force behind the nation’s establishment and came to be known as the “father of the country,” both during his lifetime and to this day. In 1775, the Second Continental Congress commissioned him as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolution. In that command, Washington forced the British out of Boston in 1776 but was defeated and near. In battle, however, Washington was sometimes outmaneuvered by British generals with larger armies, yet was always able to avoid significant defeats which would have resulted in the surrender of his army and the loss of the American Revolution. After victory had been finalized in 1783, Washington resigned as commander-in-chief rather than seize power, proving his commitment to American republicanism. Washington was widely admired for his strong leadership qualities and was unanimously elected president by the Electoral College in the first two national elections. Following his election as president in 1789, he worked to unify rival factions in the fledgling nation, he supported programs to satisfy all debts, federal and state, established a permanent seat of government, implemented an effective tax system, and created a national bank. Most of everything that Washington attempted during his time as Commander in Chief as well as President of the United States was more or less successful. This shows the effectiveness and the efficiency of Washington’s leadership. Samuel Morse – Most Likely to get in Trouble for Texting Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy. In the early 19th century, two developments in the field of electricity opened the door to the production of the electric telegraph. First, in 1800, the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invented the battery, which reliably stored an electric current and allowed the current to be used in a controlled environment. Second, in 1820, the Danish physicist Hans Christian Oersted demonstrated the connection between electricity and magnetism by deflecting a magnetic needle with an electric current. While scientists and inventors across the world began experimenting with batteries and the principles of electromagnetism to develop some kind of communication system, the credit for inventing the telegraph generally falls to two sets of researchers. In the 1830s, the British team of Cooke and Wheatstone developed a telegraph system with five magnetic needles that could be pointed around a panel of letters and numbers by using an electric current. Their system was soon being used for railroad signaling in Britain. In collaboration with Gale and Vail, Morse eventually produced a single-circuit telegraph that worked by pushing the operator key down to complete the electric circuit of the battery. This action sent the electric signal across a wire to a receiver at the other end. All the system needed was a key, a battery, wire and a line of poles between stations for the wire and a receiver. The innovations Morse brought with his invention of the telegraph shaped the way people communicated and will go down in history as one of the greatest innovations of modern technology.Robert E. Lee – Class Rebel Robert Edward Lee was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army. He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865. A son of Revolutionary War officer Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee III, Lee was a top graduate of the United States Military Academy and an exceptional officer and military engineer in the United States Army for 32 years. During this time, he served throughout the United States, distinguished himself during the Mexican–American War, and served as Superintendent of the United States Military Academy. When Virginia declared its secession from the Union in April 1861, Lee chose to follow his home state, despite his desire for the country to remain intact and an offer of a senior Union command. Lee’s strategic foresight was more questionable, and both of his major offensives into Union territory ended in defeat. Lee’s aggressive tactics, which resulted in high casualties at a time when the Confederacy had a shortage of manpower, have come under criticism in recent years. Lee rejected the proposal of a sustained insurgency against the Union and called for reconciliation between the two sides. In 1865, after the war, Lee was paroled and signed an oath of allegiance, asking to have his citizenship of the United States restored. Lee’s application was misplaced; as a result, he did not receive a pardon and his citizenship was not restored. Later, Lee became president of Washington College (later Washington and Lee University) in Lexington, Virginia; in that position, he supported reconciliation between North and South. Lee accepted “the extinction of slavery” provided for by the Thirteenth Amendment, but publicly opposed racial equality and granting African Americans the right to vote and other political rights. Lee died in 1870. In 1975, the U.S. Congress posthumously restored Lee’s citizenship effective June 13, 1865.Ulysses S. Grant – Best Strategist Ulysses S. Grant, born Hiram Ulysses Grant, was a prominent United States Army general during the American Civil War and Commanding General at the conclusion of that war. He was elected as the 18th President of the United States in 1868, serving from 1869 to 1877. As Commanding General, Grant worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy. After Lincoln’s assassination, Grant’s assignment in implementing Reconstruction often put him at odds with President Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s successor. Twice elected president, Grant led the Republicans in their effort to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African-American citizenship and civil rights, implement reconstruction and support economic prosperity. Grant’s presidency has often been criticized for its scandals and for his failure to alleviate the economic depression following the Panic of 1873, but modern scholarship regards him as a president who performed a difficult job during the early post Civil War era.With the close of the Civil War, Grant led the army’s supervision of Reconstruction in the former Confederate states. Elected president in 1868, he stabilized the nation during that turbulent period, prosecuted the Ku Klux Klan, briefly used the military to enforce laws in the south and created the Department of Justice while bolstering the Republican Party in the South. Grant also employed the Army to supervise new elections in the South with universal male suffrage. When blacks in the South came under violent attack from whites, Grant tried to protect them by signing three civil rights acts into law. In 1871, he created the first Civil Service Commission, to appease reformers. Grant showed that he cared greatly for the United States and that he truly loved serving his country as a  great leader.Pocahontas – Most Helpful Native Pocahontas was a Native American woman notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. Pocahontas was the daughter of Powhatan, the paramount chief of a network of tributary tribal nations in the Tsenacommacah, encompassing the Tidewater region of Virginia. In a well-known historical anecdote, she saved the life of a captive of the Native Americans, the Englishman John Smith, in 1607 by placing her head upon his own when her father raised his war club to execute him. Some historians have suggested that this story by Smith is fiction. Pocahontas was captured and held for ransom by the English during Anglo-Indian hostilities in 1613. During her captivity, she converted to Christianity and took the name Rebecca. When the opportunity arose for her to return to her people, she chose to remain with the English. In April 1614, at the age of 17, she married tobacco planter John Rolfe, and in January 1615, bore their son, Thomas Rolfe. In 1616, the Rolfes traveled to London. Pocahontas was presented to English society as an example of the “civilized savage” in hopes of stimulating investment in the Jamestown settlement. She became something of a celebrity, was elegantly fêted, and attended a masque at Whitehall Palace. In 1617, the Rolfes set sail for Virginia, but Pocahontas died at Gravesend of unknown causes, aged around 20-21. She was buried in St George’s Church, Gravesend in England, but the exact location of her grave is unknown, as the church has been rebuilt. Numerous places, landmarks, and products in the United States have been named after Pocahontas. Her story has been romanticized over the years, and she is a subject of art, literature, and film. Many famous people have claimed to be among her descendants through her son Thomas, including members of the First Families of Virginia, First Lady Edith Wilson, American Western actor Glenn Strange, Las Vegas performer Wayne Newton, and astronomer Percival Lowell. Works Cited”Abraham Lincoln.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Dec. 2017. Web. 14 Dec. 2017.”Lincoln, “Gettysburg Address,” Speech Text.” Voices of Democracy. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2017.”George Washington.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Dec. 2017. Web. 15 Dec. 2017.History.com Staff. “George Washington.” History.com. A Television Networks, 2009. Web. 15 Dec. 2017.”Samuel Morse.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Dec. 2017. Web. 15 Dec. 2017.History.com Staff. “Morse Code & the Telegraph.” History.com. A Television Networks, 2009. Web. 15 Dec. 2017.”Robert E. Lee.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04 Jan. 2018. Web. 05 Jan. 2018.”Robert E. Lee.” Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 05 Jan. 2018.”Ulysses S. Grant.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Jan. 2018. Web. 05 Jan. 2018.”Ulysses S. Grant.” Biography.com. A Networks Television, 01 Dec. 2017. Web. 05 Jan. 2018.”Pocahontas.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 31 Dec. 2017. Web. 05 Jan. 2018.History.com Staff. “Pocahontas.” History.com. A Television Networks, 2009. Web. 05 Jan. 2018.

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