Abstract in the world.the web brought with it social

Abstract

 

Teenagers nowaday have
many open doors to say connected to one another such as mobile phones, internet
access and social networking. However, it is also brought the dangers of
bullying to the forefront, as increasing young people are exposed ti its verbal
and visual violence. In today’s interconnected world, bullying poses a serious
issue for teens. In this manner, the require emerges for  Cyberbullying knowleage. This paper will
answer: What is Cyberbullying? What does it’s effects? How to stop it?

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Introduction

 

With the rise of
the different technological devices and appplcations, and the tremendous number
of teenagers who depend on their smart phones and laptops in their everyday
life, the usage of the internet became the most frequent daily habit in the
world.the web brought with it social media websites, and as much as it can be
useful for some individuals, it dose bring negtive impcts for others as well.
Cyberbullying is an act of aggression through the usages of Internet and
technology, whether by sharing private videos or photos with the intention of
humiliating or exposing a person in front of the world, or sending text
messages, messages via social websites, or emails that will threaten or offend
and insult them. The young internet ueser should be well mindful of what
cyberbullying is and ought to know how to respond to such acts. Therefor, this
paper disscuses trhe question of what is cyberbullyling is, what its short tem
and long term effects, and how to cope with it.

 

 

 

 

The definition of
Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying
aka cyberharassment is an aggressive, intentional act or behavior that is
carried out by a group or an individual, using electronic forms of contact,
repeately and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or
herself. In others word, it is the act of using internet, cell phones, video
games, or other technology gadgets to send text, or post images intended to
hurt or embarrass another person.

Cyberbullying
can happen across several mediums such as:

·      Social Networks:
Facebook, twitter, Instagram, Youtube, MySpace, ect.

·      Instant
messaging (IMs) and text messaging.

·      Email

·      Chat
rooms/forums/blogs.

·      Online Games.

The most famous exmples
are: Harassment, stalking, rumor spreding, sharing personal information of
others whitout their consent, ect.

According to the
Internet Safety 101 curriculum, there are seven types of Cyerbullying:

·     
Gossip:
posting or sending cruel gossip to damge a person’s reputation and relationship
with friends, family, and acquaintances.

·     
Exclusion:
Deliberately
excluing someone from an online group.

·     
Nation:
breaking
into someone’s e-mail or other online account and sending messages that will
cause embrrassment or damge to the person’s reputation and affecr his or her
relationship with others.

·     
Harassment:
Repetedly posting or sending offensive, rude, and insulting messages.

·     
Cyberstalking:
Posting or sending unwanted or imtimmidating messages, which may include
threats.

·     
Outing
and trickery: Tricking someone into revealing secrets
or embrrassing information, which is then shared online.

·     
Cyberthreats:
Remarks on the internet threatening or implying violent behavior, displaying
suicidal tendencies.

 

 

 

 

Effects of
Cyberbullying

       Childhood
bullying has serious effects on both short and long- term health of children.
Immediate intervention and long-term flollow-up can help mediate some of these
effects. It is imperative that schools, families, and communties work together
to understand byllying and its consequences and fine ways to decrease, and
hopefully eradicate bullying both in schools and communties.

Short term effects

      Psychological
issues are common effects of bullying. Victims of cyberbullying commonly
demonstrate a number of psychological problems, particularly depression and
anxiety. Girls may also develop eating disorders after or while being bullied.
In addition, victimized children of both sexes may develop psychosomatic
issues, which are bodily complaints that have no physical cause. For instance,
victims often suffer from headaches or stomachaches, particularly before the
school day begins. They also often have a range of sleep issuses, bullied one
may have difficulties falling asleep and getting their needed rest on any given
night. When victims are able to sleep, they are more likely to experience
nightmares than their non-victimized peers. These nightmares tend to be vivid
and menacing and may or may not involve the bully. Moreover, victims of
bullying may become suicidal also. They have higher rates of suicidality than
their peers. This means that they think about committing suicide much more
often then others at their age. Victimized children also suffer from lower
social status than non-victimized one. Social exclusion may be have lead to a
child being bullied in the first place, but it seems that peer rejection gets
even worse after a person is bullied. As a result, victims often feel lonely
and abandoned and suffer from low self-esteem. Last but not least, bullied
victims tend to have problems with academic achievement. This primarily oocurs
due to victims frequent absenteeism. Their experiences of emotional,
psychological and physical trauma lead them to perfer staying at home than
going out to pursue their studies.

 

Long-term effects

 Children who were victims of bullying have
been consistently found to be at higher risk of internalising problems, in
particular diagnose of anxiety disorder and depression in young adulthood and
middle adulthood (18-50 years of age). Furthermore, victims were increased risk
for displaying psychotic experiences at age 18 and having sucidal ideation,
attempts and completed sucides. Victims were also reported to have poor general
health, including more bodily pain, headaches and slower recovery from
illnesses. Moreover, they were found to have lower education qualifications, be
worse at financial management and to earn less than their peers even at age 50.
Victims were also reported to have more trouble making or keeping friends and
to be less likely to live with a partner and have social support.

 

Dealing with
Cyber-bullying

       The best way for anbody to handle cyber-bullying is to prevent
it in the first place. In some cases, this may be as easy as controlling one’s
privcy settings on social media websites so that bullies do not have acces to
one’s profile. This meean only adding people to one’s “friends” list that can
be trusted or even blocking people that are known bullies from having accees to
one’s profile. These days, all social media sites have customizable privacy
settings that can make it more difficult for a cyber bully to reach a victim.

However, it’s not always possible to prevent cyber bullying. All it
takes is for a bully to find out a victim’s e-mail address or instant messager
name to bombard them with verbally abusive comments. At this point, all victims
are encouraged to report the incident, no matter how minor it may seem.

Specifically, if the incident occurs on school grounds, it’s important
to see a teacher, principal, or other trusted member of the school staff
immediately. If possible, keep a copy of the messages sent from the bully so
that they can be shown to the staff member. Unfortunately, without proof of the
incident, there may not be a whole lot that school personnel can do. Even if
the incident happens outside of school grounds, taking a screen shot of the
message or even printing out a transcript of the conversation can be helpful
for future action.

Aside from notifying school staff, the victim’s parents or guardians
should also be notified of the incident. Parents should know how to properly
react to a bullying situation. Often times, the best way to handle it is to
contact the parents of the Internet bully. More than likely, they don’t know
what the bullying is going on and will address the situation to prevent it from
happening again. However, it’s still always a good idea for parents to present
copies of the conversation or bullying that occurred so that the bully’s
parents can see them for themselves.

In some cases, seeking help from a school staff member or the bully’s
parent may not be enough to resolve the situation. If the bullying continues to
happen, it may actually be necessary to seek enforcement from the local police
department. Unfortunately, a police officer will only be able to do anything
about the bullying situation if the victim lives in a state that has specific
laws against cyber bullying (fortunately, most states these days do have these
laws in place, as addressed earlier in this article).

Once reported to a police officer, he or she will be able to write an
official report, which will serve as documentation of the incident. It’s also a
good idea to surrender proof of the incident to the police officer at this
time. Depending on the severity of the comments, police action may be taken
against the bully. This is especially true in bullying situations where
physical threats or other threats of violence are made to the victim. These must
always be taken seriously.

 

Summary.

 

Cyber bullying is
something that is being cracked down on across the nation. However, it is still
quite common. This is why it’s so important for children, teens, parents, and
school officials alike to understand the severity of cyber bullying, how to
prevent it, and how to react to it. This way, the Internet can become a safer
place for children and teens.

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