Assignment work. The outcome includes work motivation, job satisfaction,

Assignment 2

           

Outline
the relationship between job characteristics and job satisfaction.
Provide evidence for the view that job satisfaction leads to positive outcomes.

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From the theory of job characteristics by J. Richard
Hackman and Greg Oldham, both organizational psychologists, “job design has an
effect on motivation, work performance, and job satisfaction.” In job design, it
play a role that to manage and identify what kinds of job characteristics that
can provide different outcomes of a job. In job characteristics, it is a
framework the holds five core job dimensions, which affect three psychological
states. Then, the three psychological states lead to the outcomes. The
five job dimensions are:

·        
Skill variety

·        
Skill identity

·        
Skill significance

·        
Autonomy

·        
Feedback from job

In these five dimensions, which affect three psychological
states, which are:

–         
The meaningfulness of the work

–         
Responsibility of the outcomes
of the work

–         
Knowledge of the actual
results of the work activities.

 

In addition, these psychological states will
affect the outcome of a work. The outcome includes work motivation, job
satisfaction, work effectiveness.

According to the research, the definition of skill
variety is determine the degree a job that needs different abilities to finish
the work such as using different knowledge and skills. For example, if a work
is repeatable and dull, it would lead to low meaningfulness of the work, the
more complex of the work it is, it requires more talent, skills, which would
turns out high level of meaningfulness of the work. Skill identity is like a
mirror, it determine the level of how clear that people can see the outcome
from the work, bit by bit. During the working process, if an employee can work
on the entire project and see a visible outcome or results, which will be
define high level meaningfulness. Skill significance determine the work whether
it affect other’s live or not, from the big countries to the organization
itself. In other words, skill significance determine whether a work can affect
other people’s lives. For general, if a job can improve other people’s lives or
well-being, which could be considered has high level of meaningfulness. Autonomy
determine if the worker has enough freedom, independence in scheduling their
work and how is the work going to be done. Most high antinomy jobs are managing
types, like managers, project leaders, supervising officers, which are has
greater personal responsibilities in their jobs. However, many of basic level
employees has autonomy in their job position, which requires them follow the
lead of managers of others, has low level of decision making. In this
situation, these basic level employees would feel fewer personal
responsibilities. The last job characteristics is Feedback. In most situation,
employees would like to know the levels of their performance. According to the
research, feedback is not only to inform the progress of employees’ work, but
also to improve their self-esteem. If employees are told by managers that their
performance is going good, they would likely to feel motivated to do the job in
the way of how they are doing it. However, if employees are told that they are
not fit the expectation of their job, they would try to figure out the reason
and improve the performance.

If the five job dimensions are met in high
level, the psychological states are likely to have high level experience, which
could lead to positive outcomes naturally. According to the research, the
connection between job characteristics and job satisfaction is obvious, the
five core job characteristics determine the three psychological
states, and these three psychological states define the outcomes which
include job satisfaction.

According to the research, the definition of job
satisfaction is how the employee satisfies with the job; however,
job satisfaction is a psychological response that from different elements of a
job, and these responses could either be cognitive, affective or behavioral. In
addition, job satisfaction could lead to many outcomes. From the research, job
performance is the cause to job satisfaction. The explanation is, good job
performance will lead to rewards and compliment, which lead to job satisfaction;
in addition, the job satisfaction will continue affect employees to performance
good quality of job, which creates virtuous loop. Another positive outcome of
high job satisfaction is low employee turnover. From the study, employees with
high level job satisfaction as a whole are more likely have higher
productivity. Also from the research, when organization think about employees’
interest, it would make employees think the company values them and they would
work harder to help organization to achieve its objectives, which means high
job satisfaction makes employees more loyalty to company. The last important
outcome that high job satisfaction could provide is the lower turnover. According
to the research, “Turnover can be one of the highest costs attributed to the HR
department. Retaining workers helps create a better environment, and makes it
easier to recruit quality talent and save money. The bottom line: satisfied
employees are typically much less likely to leave.”

Here is my research about the connection of job
characteristics and job satisfaction and the outcomes of high job satisfaction.

 

 

           

Works Cited
Bisk. (n.d.). How Important is Job Satisfaction in
Today’s Workplace? Retrieved from villanovau:

How Important is Job Satisfaction in Today’s Workplace?


KHAMSEH, S. (2011, May 22). OUTCOMES OF JOB
SATISFACTION. Retrieved from SAEED KHAMSEH:
http://saeedkhamseh.blogspot.com/2011/05/outcomes-of-job-satisfaction.html
Martin. (2017, March 13). Understanding the Job
Characteristics Model (including Job Enrichment). Retrieved from
CLEVERISM: https://www.cleverism.com/job-characteristics-model/
Venkatesh. (n.d.). Top 6 Outcomes of Job
Satisfaction. Retrieved from your articlelibrary:

Top 6 Outcomes of Job Satisfaction


 

 

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