Carbon atmosphere warmer. According to a source that I

Carbon
Dioxide and Global Climate Change

            Carbon dioxide is an important heat trapping gas that is
released to the atmosphere through anthropogenic emissions such as
deforestation and fossil fuel combustion. It can also be released to the
atmosphere through natural processes occurring such as respiration and volcanic
eruptions. During burning of fossil fuels, carbon dioxide is formed because
carbon mixes up with oxygen in the air. There are other heat trapping gasses
that contributes to Global Warming such as nitrous oxide, water vapor, methane
and CFCs. Although carbon dioxide is one of the most abundant gas contributor
to the warming of the atmosphere, but it is not as active as compared to the
other gasses such as methane and CFCs which is regulated by the International
law because of how significantly it can contribute to the trapping of heat in
the atmosphere and the depletion of the ozone layer. When greenhouse gasses are
present, the heat from the sun that is radiated to the earth (short wave
radiation) which is supposed to radiate back towards space (long wave
radiation) is trapped and redirected at all directions and mostly (90%) are
radiated back towards the earth’s surface which in turn makes the atmosphere
warmer. According to a source that I have read, that there is a direct link
between carbon dioxide and global warming because carbon dioxide has been
confirmed by several empirical evidences that it contributes to an enhanced
greenhouse effect. Less energy escaping to space at the wavelength of carbon
dioxide were observed during the last 40 years by satellites used to measure
infrared spectra. Surface measurement found that there are more infrared
radiation going downwards which causes the warming of the planet’s surface.
Because of the rise of greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere, there are
various effects on the planet’s climate that are now occurring: some countries
like the Philippines are experiencing extreme weather conditions, because of
warmer temperature, it allows more evaporation and precipitation and some regions
becomes dryer or wetter, ice on some places such as Greenland and Antarctica
are melting which causes the sea level to rise, some plants may grow vigorously
when level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, furthermore, shifting
climate patterns and higher temperature will change the regions where some
crops grows best and  lastly, ocean acidification
where water in the ocean is becoming more acidic due to frequent release of
carbon dioxide which the ocean waters absorbs. There can be further detrimental
effects the global climate change as predicted by scientist: temperature will
continue to rise, global climate will perpetually change through this century
and the next, more droughts and heat waves will likely occur, change of
precipitation patterns, typhoons or hurricanes will have new records as the
strongest and biggest, arctic regions will be free of ice and by year 2100 sea
level will rise by up to 1-4 ft.

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Energy
sources now and for the future

Sun
is the primary source of energy in our current era, it has profound effects on
the earth as all organisms relies on it as the main source of energy. All forms
of energy are derived from the energy that the sun provides. The sun powers
humungous transfers of heat and pressure in weather patterns and ocean
pressures, and this results to air current that drives the wind turbines to
turn and heat from the sun prompts evaporation which brings precipitation to
hydropower sources.

Electricity
is not an energy rather a carrier of energy. It is a secondary source of
energy. Electricity can be acquired through coal, nuclear fission reactions,
natural gas, sunlight, wind and hydropower. Electricity has a wide range of
applications making it versatile.

There
are 3 types of fossil fuel that are known: natural gas, coal and oil. We depend
on these energy sources to run a vehicle, to utilize amenities in our homes, to
give power to establishments. Almost all things in the modern era utilizes this
energy. This energy will soon diminish as long as we use it, which will be a
good thing because it can help reduce the greenhouse gasses that are emitted.

Nuclear
energy is one of the great technological achievement of the 21st
century, it is in which atoms of radioactive elements are broken apart into
smaller and release energy in the process. The released energy boils water
producing steams that drives turbines which is being converted to mechanical
energy that generates electricity. It currently provides 20% of total
electricity generation in the United States and 9.5% of total energy consumed.

Renewable
resources is the notion of drawing energy sources from renewable sources. What
makes it appealing is that it doesn’t emit greenhouse gasses.  This energy source cannot provide enough as a
supply for large scale usage and capturing these energy is expensive and some
are intermittent. In spite of the hype around the renewable energy, many don’t
realize that wind and solar energy has just made a tiny dent in the energy mix.
Many people nowadays are starting to adopt green technology but if we want to
eliminate fossil fuel in the future, there is still a big mountain to climb.
There are many ideas for alternative sources of energy for the future, some
countries have tried to derive geothermal heat from magma, some ideas were
“embeddable solar power”- putting solar panel onto windows of houses, utilizing
hydrogen as energy source as it is a clean source, harnessing the power of
tides and many more.

 

Solar
Radiation and Primary Production

Solar
radiation is the general term for electromagnetic radiation that is emitted by
the sun. This energy can be captured and utilized to produce heat, electricity
using various technologies.

Terrestrial
ecosystems relies on the sun to bring upon energy to the earth that supports
life, growth and metabolism. Plants, grasses, trees and etc are called primary
producers, organisms that produce food that carries energy to the top of the
food chain. They manufacture through photosynthesis new organic molecules such
as carbohydrates and lipids from raw inorganic materials such as carbon, water
and mineral nutrients. These newly formed organic materials locks up energy in
chemical bonds which provides energy accessible to heterotrophs (organisms that
consumes rather than produce). Furthermore, plants are important carriers of
energy from one consumer to another. The energetic and carbon-rich products of
primary production energy to drive their metabolism while providing essential
carbon-containing compounds that form the bricks and mortar of living cells.

 

 

Energy,
Carbon Balance and Climate Change

Energy
balance may refer to the first law of thermodynamics which states that energy
cannot be created nor destroyed rather transferred to different entities, earth’s
energy imbalance which is the difference of incoming shortwave radiation and
outgoing long wave radiation, or energy balance in Biology which measures
biological homeostasis of energy in living systems.

Through
the increasing amount of carbon in the atmosphere, the earth is likely to continue
to heat up for the next decades to come with more droughts to be experienced
and more extreme weather conditions to be recorded getting much higher than
before. It is well known that since the industrial revolution began, the amount
of greenhouse gasses released in the atmosphere increased. To compensate the
increasing levels of greenhouse gasses, we humans should take some actions to
serve as counterbalance for this phenomena.

Carbon
balance is the act of regulating the amount of carbon utilized. Capturing and
securing carbon emitted from the global energy system or from other sources is
called sequestration. This is a truly unprecedented technology the will
neutralize the rise of temperature on the planet.

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