Cell outside of the cell.Cell wall: The cell wall

Cell membrane: The cell membrane is a semi permeable covering made of a phospholipid bilayer (fats) with different proteins which means it allows some substances to pass through it . The cell membrane also surrounds the cytoplasm of all living cells separating the inside of the cell from the outside of the cell.Cell wall: The cell wall is a protective layer outside a the cell membrane that also provides support for the plant cell. It also gives the cell shape. The cell wall multilayered and consists of three sections the middle lamella, primary cell wall, and secondary cell wall. For all plant cells their cell wall has a primary cell wall while not all have a secondary cell wall.Nucleus: The nucleus is a large organelle that acts as the brain and controls everything the cell does. The only cells that have a nucleus are the cells of eukaryotes. Eukaryotes are all living organisms except eubacteria and archaebacteria. There is also something inside a nucleus called a nucleolus. The nucleolus creates ribosomes, the cell’s protein-producing organelle. The nucleus can produce up to four nucleoli. The nuclear envelope is a double-layered membrane that surrounds the insides of the nucleus during most of the cell’s life cycle.Vacuole: A vacuole is a large organelle containing water and other enzymes that function during the life of the plant.The vacuoles job includes separating harmful materials, storing waste, storing water, helping maintain the pressure within a cell, balancing the pH of a cell, exporting products out of the cell, and storing proteins.Chloroplasts: Chloroplasts are are small organelles inside of plant cells. Chloroplasts convert energy from the sun into sugars that are used by the cell. This process is called photosynthesis and happens because of chlorophyll molecules inside of the chloroplasts.Ribosomes: Ribosomes are a special type of organelle that can be found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes because all cells need to create proteins which is the primary job of ribosomes. Some things that the proteins do is help biological processes and support cell functionsMitochondria: The mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell and acts like a digestive system. The mitochondria uses a biochemical process called cellular respiration to take in and break down nutrients to then create energy loaded molecules for the cell.Endoplasmic reticulum: the endoplasmic reticulum is a series of membranes that is connected to the nucleus. The endoplasmic reticulum has two types the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Both of them help produce and store proteins but the rough endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes on it. The endoplasmic reticulum also carries various proteins to the golgi bodyGolgi body: The golgi body gathers molecules and then combines them to make more complex molecules. After that it takes those big molecules, packages them in vesicles and will either store them for later use or send them out of the cell. The golgi body also creates lysosomes these organelles break up and digest food.


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