“Do to think adolescence in terms of social context.

“Do you know why North Korea is not
attacking South Korea?” Because they are afraid of South Korean middle school
student. There is nothing more aggressive than a group of middle school
students. It is a famous joke in South Korea. In South Korea, people have even created
a new term called “Adolescent illness” This term is used to describe a person
who is unpredictable, emotional, sensitive, bold, spontaneous, and destructive.
When I think of my adolescence, there was no difference.

             What’s
going on in that head of adolescent? In the past, scientist suggested that
immature prefrontal cortex and hormone cause a tumultuous stage. A lot of
researches have demonstrated that adolescence is a period of continued brain
growth and change. In particular, The frontal lobes, home
to key components of the neural circuitry underlying “executive functions” such
as planning, working memory, and impulse control, are among the last areas of
the brain to mature; they may not be fully developed in adolescence (Sowell, Thompson, Tessner, & Toga, 2001). This explains
the adolescent related policy process, adolescent brain immaturity has been
used to make the case that teens should be considered less culpable for crimes
they commit. Moreover, the limbic
system is affected by hormones, called the HPG axis, and develops rapidly in
early adolescence. Consequently, for contemporary teenagers, emotions may
override rational thoughts (Berger, 2003). In addition, pubertal hormones
affect the amygdala directly (Romeo, 2013). The instinctual and emotional areas
of the adolescent brain develop ahead of the reflective and analytic areas.
Thus, adolescents are likely to be emotional rather than calm and rational. Furthermore, contemporary scientists argue that we also have to think
adolescence in terms of social context. We should not preclude the influence of
peers, family, school, work, media, romantic relationship, culture, a community
and society in general when considering adolescence. For example, Today’s adolescents are
often confronted with more decisions, more complex decisions, a much wider
range of options, and greater challenges to their self-control than in other
eras. Meanwhile, their parents’ jobs, high rates of divorce and separation, and
other factors have led to diminished adult supervision and less time with
family, giving young adolescents fewer resources to draw upon when dealing with
the changes they experience (Groark & McCall, 2006).

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             However,
adolescence is also age of opportunity because many things are established
around this time – adolescents establish their identity, philosophy, relationship,
social life, and so on. Especially adolescents establish the way they think
about themselves and build romantic and sexual relationships. Furthermore,
unlike when they were children, they have to do it on their own. In short, the adolescent transition is when adolescent transits from being a
child, dependent upon one’s parents, to an independent and self-reliant adult.
It represents one of the most dynamic, broad and influential periods of human
development. And development in this period contributes to a
broad range of behaviors, perceptions, risks and resiliency (Jodi, 2014)

               Steinberg argues that society needs to invest in the period of adolescence because the brain will never again be as plastic. There are four recommendations based in science to improve American adolescent life. First, Modern society, especially American society, is very competitive. Though remembering is exaggerated during adolescence, it doesn’t mean that adolescents should put their most efforts to accomplish academic success. Research in the last fifteen years illuminates the unique features of the adolescent brain. Neural connections among various regions of the brain, which mature at different rates, are reorganized during adolescence. The more we use particular skills the better connected the regions of the brain that facilitate those skills will be. The brain systems that undergo the greatest change during adolescence are those that control reward-seeking, relationships, and regulatory behaviors. Therefore, society should give adolescents opportunity to build healthy

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