DRAFT Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs of 1961 and

DRAFT RESOLUTION 1 RAISING THE BARCommittee: UN General Assembly Special Session: War on Drugs Topic: Gangs and CartelsSponsors: Bangladesh, Egypt, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, Iraq, Mongolia, Nepal,  Romania, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, USA,Signatories: Chad, Iran, South Korea, Mauritius, Honduras, Qatar, Israel, Indonesia, Italy Raising the BAR (Border Security, Anti-corruption and Redevelopment) Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,Recalling the Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs of 1961 and the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988, Reaffirming the vital importance of international collaboration at all level in order to effectively tackle this transnational issue,  Deeply committed to developing, implementing and promoting solutions which comply with international human rights norms and laws, Gravely concerned that the drug trade continues to pose a serious threat to health, security and democracy, Recognizing UN Resolution 51/210 of 1996 that established an Ad Hoc Committee to suppress terrorist financing to supplement related existing international instruments, Emphasizing the joint commitment to effectively addressing and countering the world drug problem voiced by Member States in the UNGASS 2016 A/RES/S-30/1 in 2016,Highlighting the importance of finding sustainable solutions to lastingly prevent dru,Acknowledging the role local and national corruption plays in facilitating and protecting gangs and cartels,Emphasizing the need for strategies to combat corruption and mitigate patterns of political officials and law enforcement officers benefiting from drug trade,Recognizing that current training programs and practices are insufficient in effectively tackling corruption and drug smuggling,Acknowledging  the effects of the international drug trade on individual countries’ economies,Defines “drug” to refer to all Schedule I-IV drugs listed in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and its supplemental annexes, treaties, and amendments, specifically: Defines “narcotic drug” to mean any of the substances, natural or synthetic, in Schedules I and II of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961,Defines “gang” as is defined by the Organization of American States, specifically:Creates a distinction between violent gangs and criminal gangs;Defines violent gangs to be groups organized for explicitly violent purposes, also including all its supplemental annexes;Defines criminal gangs to be groups organized for criminal purposes, including but not limited to trafficking in drugs, arms and persons, robbery, kidnapping, extortion, pandering, and murder;Adopts the definition of “cartel” to be any business arrangement between two or more participants that has the purpose or effect of restraining competition in world tradeCommits to working with farmers currently involved in the growth and cultivation of all Schedule I-IV drugs listed in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and its supplemental annexes, treaties, and amendments to find a sustainable alternative to the drug-supporting crop that will allow them to replace lost income from drug production;Establishes the Reciprocity for Individuals Destroying Narcotics (RIDN) program, under the leadership of the UNODC, which will:Seek to work with partner NGOs to assist governments in providing former drug farmers with the capacity to destroy their drug-supporting crops in a safe and responsible manner;Establish a model for governments to grant legal amnesty to farmers that agree to destroy their drug-producing crops in favor of legal alternatives that will:Prevent criminalization of farmers if they participate in RIDN,Work with non-profit and NGO partners such as Oxfam, Mercy Corps, and ActionAid to provide farmers with getting the technical and physical assistance to begin producing a new crop,Focus on farmers growing crops that will thrive in the  environment they are being grown in, as well as have significant value in their domestic economy, noting the model of the Doi Tung Development Project used in Myanmar to help farmers form partnerships to bring new crops to market,Be administered by the UNODC, who will report out results of successes and failures of the program to curb the production of drug-related products on an annual basis;Tasks the UNODC to establish a database of RIDN partners who can partner with interested states to adopt a program that helps to convert a farmer from a drug producer to a member of the legal economy, which will be available publicly, and list information about the non-profit or NGO’s region of operation, area of subject matter expertise, and previous projects on an issue related to drug destruction and shifting agriculture;Suggests that RIDN partners seek to replicate the model seen in Peru with Central de Cooperativas Agrarias Cafetaleras, in which farmers created local farming cooperatives to increase their selling power and jointly sell their product on the global market in a greater capacity than before;Reestablishes the Ad Hoc committee created by UNODC resolution 51/270, with a new focus on the issue of suppressing financing of all organized crime and terror groups, recognizing that these groups are often closely linked in sources of funding;Commits the Ad Hoc committee to complete a report in the model of its 2002 report on terrorist financing that addresses the issue of gang and cartel finance, with a specific focus on:The supply chain of cartels, and the best way for region and sub-regional bodies to collaborate and share information to stem the supply of physical and financial support for cartels and gangs;Areas of potential collaboration between Global South countries in the area of suppressing drug cultivation, drug processing, and drug transportation both domestically and internationally;Determining best practices for combating the flow of money from drug-based organizations to other criminal groups that do not have an exclusive focus on drugs;Recommends that member states improve internal policing through:Increased incentives to establish comprehensive law enforcement training programs particularly in drug producing countriesIncorporation through training of modernised policing techniques and tactics for use in modern socio-economic environment sImplementing geospatial aerial imaging for surveillance of borders and trafficking routes;Implementation of programs to arrest and stop international cartels through bi-partisan programs with international police groups (ex. Interpol)Emphasizing the effectiveness of surveillance over financial dealings between known cartel/gang membersRecommending increased use of the “SWAT” raid method implemented in the USA.Implores members to uphold their commitments as stated in the United Nations Convention against Corruption and recommends that states provide a report to the UN Security Council on the implementation of mechanisms deemed necessary under this convention membersEstablishes the inaugural BAR Summit (Border Security, Anti Corruption, and Redevelopment) as a forum for member states to share best practices in fighting corruption within and across their borders This summit will be held at the United Nations headquarters in New York, USA;Topics of discussion will include;Merits of anti-corruption institutions within member states;Potential methods of preventing the infiltration of gangs and cartels into institutions which promote and ensure intra- and inter- state security;Asset recovery and criminal prosecution for perpetrators of corruption;Technical assistance and knowledge sharing in the future; Implementing the recommendations of the UNODC World Drug Report;The first summit will culminate in the development of a database containing a list of NGOs with expertise in state and local corruption, with additional NGOs being added to the database by nations in subsequent summits;This summit will be held on a bi-annual basis in rotating nations as volunteered by United Nations members;Encourages member states to provide necessary resources to actively and effectively combat individuals who partake in illegal drug trafficking activities;Establishes a surveillance program using DEA bases in collaboration with INTERPOL as well as information sharing with the Border Security Information Sharing Association (BSISA);To be established in cooperation with existing International Partnerships between the United States of America and Mexico;With an invitation also extended to all member states of the United Nations to benefit from access to the BSISA and international policing partnerships; Member states are encouraged to participate in this program; Establishment of the BSISA to filter information collected through local and international police organizations and relay said information to the border nations affected; Utilize international DEA bases to incorporate national security forces, police and intelligence services whose obligation will be to;Provide intelligence on border activity using drones, focusing on lower level gang activity, particularly the monitoring of smuggling routes;Relay information on gang and cartel activity to DEA bases, where teams made up of INTERPOL police, national police and security forces from the specific borders affected to cooperate to apprehend suspected traffickers;Recommends setting up training programs run by the DEA, who would train national officials only on invitation from host country, to provide information and training to local police forces, to better equip national enforcement, to maintain borders and to combat drug smuggling through the successful apprehension of the drug smugglers;Encourages the UN to conduct research into links between local governments and gangs and cartels, with a primary focus on examining:Revenue received by local governments from the production and trafficking of drugs;The potential of gangs and cartels to wield influence over government officials;Best practices utilized by existing institutions to eliminate corruptionBegin training programs for law enforcement and government officials to ensure that they are equipped to combat drug production, trafficking, and consumption and provide law enforcement officials and bodies with technology to track movements of drug gangs and cartelsImplementation of low-level, mid-level and high-level specialized law enforcement forces monitored and coordinated by the Ministry of Justice to address the problem of corruption present at the different level.Implementation of a UN anti-corruption organization who would be in charge of investigating and enforcing laws against countries suspected of being corrupted at a high-level.Establish reporting infrastructure for local and national governments, allowing officials to anonymously report bribery and money-laundering Require governmental and law enforcement officials in affected areas to disclose financial records including income and stock holdings if suspicious activity is reported Initiate region and country-specific campaigns geared towards educating citizens about corruption and strategies regarding Increase economic incentives for law enforcement and police to discourage defection and desertion Increased pay Employment security Benefits including regular health services for families of law enforcement and police officersAllow law enforcement and police to keep a part of the profit of  the drugs they seizePlace stricter regulations on pharmaceutical industries, to help prevent abuse and addiction.Encourage the implementation of protectionist policies towards legal producers of pharmaceutical drugs.Ensures that pharmaceutical companies who have permission to use specific illicit drugs for medical reasons will not be threatened by a financial burden caused by the immense revenue generated by the black market.Guarantees that the established image of such pharmaceutical companies will remain untouched as it would avoid reputational damages for legal producers.Work in cooperation with the UNCAC to increase investments in specially trained officer groups and prosecutors, in order to tackle issues of bribery, money laundering, and unexplained wealth. Incentivize legal financial institutions to combat the use of informal value transfer systems. Support the placement of officer groups on the main transportation routes that facilitate illegal drug trafficking.Allows for an expanded control over such illegal trafficking groups.Permits the transportation sector of economies to obtain increased stability and security.

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