For society with organic solidarity is based from the

For Durkheim, such
social stratification resulting to inequality is simply a function of the
system due to the divisions of labor that maintains social organization and
solidarity. Durkheim thought of society as an object, a thing that has a very
powerful consequence on individual action. He believed social inequalities
exist because it basically has a role in facilitating social cohesion, not that
it is functional in the sense that it is “healthy” for the society. For
Durkheim, social inequality is actually reflective of abnormalities and
pathologies in the system solidified by two forms: mechanical or organic. A
society with mechanical solidarity, cohesion is based from social relations
regulated by shared belief systems – common conscience, hence deviance or being
perceived different tended to emphasize violations of social norms or the
common conscience. On the other hand, a society with organic solidarity is
based from the idea that development of societies into more and more complex
organizations does not require disintegration but interdependence. Production
cannot be made alone, individually; hence there is a need for interaction that
recognizes interdependent needs. In relation to such explanation of social
organization and cohesion, such social inequality may be considered an anomie
on Durkheim’s perspectives. Anomies might be possibly perceived as inadequate
normative regulation which could occur when social changes make
individuals within a society to feel a sense of separation from collective community
goals and values, causing them to lose sight of collective interests. Values became norms
which are generalized instead of personally embraced. Such made human’s
ultimate capacity for consciousness and activity routinely, dull, losing its
sense in the role of production, making individuals less committed to the
process or the organization. Moreover, another form of anomie identified by
Durkheim is egoism. As people became more and more individualized yet less and
less committed to social values and norms it results in self-centeredness which
is ultimately destructive of the individual’s well-being and present itself as
an anomie in social solidarity (DL Durkheim: 23-47). Durkheim ultimately
believed the division of labor created this social stability, thus moving
history forward.  On the other hand, Marx
and Weber, focused on the specifics of social inequalities; class, status
groups, and wealth, power, and prestige.


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