Introduction male and female students for unknown reasons, but

Introduction :Rates of depression in college students are at an all time high. Millions of emerging adults are experiencing symptoms that are making daily routines problematic.These symptoms may include, but are not limited to, drowsiness, loss of appetite, sense of hopelessness, apathy, and irritability. Long periods of suffering through such feelings are non-conducive to dealing with the demands of college life. The causes of depression are as unique as the individual that experiences the disorder. For many students, however, depression can be attributed to stressors such as academic pressure, inadequate social adaptation, inadequate sleep, and the stress of the overall transition to college life. Reports show an inequality of depressive symptoms experienced by male and female students for unknown reasons, but assumptions have been made. suicide.Many students are unprepared for the increasing pressures of life. Today’s students face high expectations from their family. They also have fewer job prospects after graduation than previous generations. These added concerns can lead to depressive episodes in  students.Discussion : Depression can strike at any age, and seemingly is on the rise with students worldwide.  This leads to many concerning issues, such as overall academic performance, inability to create meaningful relationships, increased risk for drug abuse, and even increases in suicide rate. Students who suffer from depression risk serious health problems if positive steps are not made to help with their symptoms. It is not uncommon for the traditional student age group to resort to substance abuse and other risky behaviors to escape depressive symptoms. In many cases students experience eating disorders, and others chooseStudents are also at somewhat higher risk of developing mental health problems. This could be because of:• Your age – many students are young people, and for many people this is the age when you first develop a mental health problem.• Stress – becoming a student can be a stressful experience. Although stress isn’t a mental health problem, it can lead to mental health problems like depression and anxiety.  • Lack of support – you might have left home for the first time, or just don’t have enough time to see your friends and family. Not having a good support network can make you vulnerable to developing a mental health problem.Depression is one of the leading causes of suicide in youth these days.Among young adults aged 18–25 years,a huge percentage have had serious thoughts of suicide.Depression is the biggest risk factor for suicidal youth. Other risk factors include:• Drug abuse• a family history of depression and mental illness• a prior suicide attempt• stressful life events• exposure to other students who have died as a result of suicide• self-harming behaviors such as burning or cutting The detrimental, and sometime irreversible, effects that depression has on students is not to be taken lightly. Although we may all experience bouts of unhappiness, depression is far more than that. Common misconceptions about the disease and stigmas placed on those who may have experienced it often take away from its severity.Millions of students are suffering as a result of this epidemic and are in need of support from friends, family, and their college community. Education about how to recognize and cope with depression is not appropriately being delivered to students. Changes in our society have caused emerging adults to have to deal with stressors that were not as much of an issue in generations past.ConclusionFor colleges and universities to decrease the growing number of students fighting depression, they must completely understand illness, the causes, and the effects it has on the student population. Preventative programs may need to be implemented to address the root of depression and possible  managment mechanisms for students. Both students and the education institutes need to be able to identify risk factors, external stressors, and signs and symptoms of the disease. More knowledge and a better understanding of what students are experiencing can assist schools to give satisfactory aids but more importantly help students feel more comfortable in utilizing the resources.Because depression is often an opening ground for more serious health risks and harmful behavior such as suicide, substance abuse, and eating disorders, it is necessary that students and universities work together to overcome the disease. Although colleges and universities may be working to improve mental health services, they are not the only ones responsible to make a difference in the lives of students. students should take ownership of their own health and well-being and  support one another. Student led organizations may help lessen a major stressor while also providing a secure social network for those who are at high risk of suffering from depression.By working together, students and institutions of higher education have the potential to make a significant difference in the battle against depression on college campuses. With resources in place, education and promotion must be the focus of those trying to make a difference. By educating students and getting them to rally together in support of one another, a positive change is bound to be the end result.Refrences :-Depression; survey shows increase of depression in college students. (2004). Science Letter, 406.-Girgenti, A. A., Mills, M. J., & Brooks, P. R. (2009). Sleep patterns and symptoms of depression in college students. College Student Journal, 43: S464 (9).-Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.-Raunic, A., & Xenos, S. (2008). University counselling service utilisation by local and international students and user characteristics: A review.   International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling,   30(4), 262-267. doi:10.1007/s10447-008-9062-0- Tiana Keith,East Carolina University, Depression and its Negative Effect on College Students


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