is a branch of science that focuses on life as the ‘bio’ means life while
‘logy’ is study. Basically, biology is about life study. Human are totally
dependent on green organisms human alone cannot convert the sun’s energy into
forms that are usable by, hence their existence are vital to the very existence
of animal life.
Protista divided into two informal classification Algae and Protozoa. Algae
have two major phyla. Chlorophyta (Green Algae) and Phaeophyta (Brown Algae).
For Protozoa have four major phyla. Rhizopoda (Amoeba sp), Apicomplexa (Plasmodium
sp), Ciliophora (Paramecium sp)
and Euglenophyta (Euglena sp).
research focus on Protista, hence the writing will discuss the importance of
Protista as food sources more focusing on a species Enteromorpha prolifera (Nori) or majorly known as seaweed.
Enteromorpha prolifera also known as in Chinese Tai-tiao
(Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).
In Hawaiian, Limu ‘Ele’ele, Hulu’ilio (Abbott 1984). Japanese:
Sujiao-nori (Tokida 1954) and Swedish: Spretig tarmalg (Tolstoy &
Usage of Enteromorpha
prolifera as food sources for both livestock and humans.
Nori appeared in both American and Asian waters. It was used extensively
in food, especially in Asian. Since the usage of Nori in japan is much
extensive compared to other Asian country, it is cultured on nets or bamboo
staked set out in shallow marine bays. The qualification to harvest it is when
the thin, crinkly, gelatinous blades are around 2-3 inches diameter.
Before using the seaweed as livestock feed, the seaweeds need to be
rinsed to remove the salt from them before using them as livestock feed in the
Europe and elsewhere. This is because they have fail identifying the usage of
the seaweed and had no reason but to as they restricted the enterprises to one
aspect only. Such as, the production of the iodine, livestock feeding and etc.
Instead in Asia especially in Japan, they processed the seaweed into eatable,
which were used in many gourmet. Japan developed a technology produced acetic
acid through fermentation of the seaweeds. This is due to their method on
preparing the seaweed progress is so delicate they manage to maximized the
usage of the seaweed.
Enteromorpha prolifera as sources of renewable
After the incident of the yellow sea
in China the large-scale green
tides, consisting mainly of Enteromorpha prolifera, have invaded the
coastal zones of western Yellow Sea occurred in May 2018, they have found way
to make use of the Entermorpha prolifera
instead of just removing it away from the Yellow Sea, the have found that it
could be source of renewable bio-fuel.
contains a higher content of protein, water soluble carbohydrate and fiber than
most plants, yet have low levels of materials that are resistant to thermal
decomposition such as cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose Seaweeds is a sources contains a
great diversity in dietary fiber, as it contains high proportion of soluble
dietary fiber which could lead to disadvantages to starch digestion consequence
may have modify glycemic response and it is beneficial in human health.
In addition to the
composition of pyrolysis material, the heating rate also affects the activation
energy of biomass. (Haykiri-Acma et al.)
The results that have
been found might been helpful to find a possible strategy for use of byproducts
of green tide as feedstock for bio-oil production, which should be beneficial
for environmental protection and renewable energy development
Seaweed is anti-tumor and potent antigen toxic promoting Japanese edible
seaweed, Enteromorpha prolifera or
known as Sujiao-nori in Japanese.
This Nori, previously identified using in vitro cell culture by Y. Okai, K.
Higashi-Okai S. Nakamura, Y. Yano, S. Otani, Cancer Lett.