Jade Anne BuenafeText 1: To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper LeeTheme: Resistance towards racial inequality Quotation AnalysisQuotesExplanation”Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t nest in corncribs, they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” ~Miss Maudie (103)Tom Robinson is the mockingbird who gets killed due to a racist society. He was a good man with a kind heart– had characteristics parallel to a mockingbird. “Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed.” ~Scout (276)It was guaranteed that Tom, a black man, would plead guilty to accusations made by Mayella, a white woman, from the start. That is an example of racial prejudice in the justice system.”Simply because we are licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win.” ~Atticus (87)This quote means that despite knowing the outcome of something, it does not hurt to try. Atticus challenges the odds, even though he knows that they are stacked against him. Even though they don’t win, simply defending a black man in his racist town is progress enough. This is an example of resisting racial prejudice. Atticus advocates for equality.”The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in a courtroom, be he any color of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into the jury box.” ~Atticus (252)There must be equal treatment for anyone under the law, race should not matter. However, equal treatment is never executed because of people’s own discriminatory opinions. They let their own resentments cloud their judgement. “If there’s just one kind of folks, why can’t they get along with each other? If they’re all alike, why do they go out of their way to despise each other? Scout, I think I’m beginning to understand why Boo Radley stayed shut up in the house all this time… it’s because he wants to stay inside.” ~Jem (259)Jem doesn’t understand why people are willingly prejudice and hateful. He starts to understand why Boo Radley would much rather stay inside than experience what goes on outside in society.”When it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man always wins… those are the facts of life.” ~Atticus (251)It is a fact of life then AND now. Atticus says the truth about racial injustice. “If you was a nigger like me, you’d be scared, too.” ~Tom (222)Although knowing he was innocent, Tom ran because he knew exactly how he would be portrayed. Having done nothing wrong, he shouldn’t have ran but he knew how the justice system or any white man, for that matter, would see the situation.”No suh, scared I’d hafta face up to what I didn’t do.” ~Tom (225)This is what a black man feels in a situation like this even though he is innocent. This is how the justice system is failing. This is how racial injustice affects people. It is wrong for them to feel that in the first place, let alone have to suffer for wrongful convictions solely because of discrimination. “Cry about the simple hell people give other people- without even thinking. Cry about the hell white people give colored folks, without even stopping to think that they’re people, too.” ~Mr. Raymond (229)Raymond explains how prejudice does not create an emotional impact as big as it should because people become jaded as they grow old. That prejudice is something you’ll see throughout your life. He explains why the children are so heavily affected by the Tom’s trial. “Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not be trusted around women- black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men.” ~Atticus (232)Atticus explains equality between humans. The jury focused on what a Negro can do, omitting the fact that they themselves are capable of such things. Structural/Stylistic AnalysisElements of Structure/StyleExplanationSymbolismLee uses the mockingbird as a symbol for innocence or the innocent. More specifically, she parallels the mockingbird with Tom Robinson. Writing styleEach chapter is almost like an episode that leads up to something that unites the story. For instance, there is a chapter dedicated to Scout’s day at school and then a chapter on her trip to Finch’s landing for Christmas. Lee’s way of separating the stories make it easier to read and understand. She doesn’t just throw a whole chunk of important information towards the readers in one chapter. She pieces it together one by one. Lee also divides the story into two parts. One part is wherein Scout’s innocence is intact and the other is after she learns about prejudice, racism, and is exposed to the trial.