What kind of influences the
religions have onto Asian culture and business culture?
The great role in the history of mankind has been fulfilled by
religions. They have shaped and continue to shape the consciousness of people
and their attitudes in life. Religions are divided into monotheistic and
polytheistic. They also differ in the number of followers and the size of their
role. The most important religions in the modern world are Christianity,
Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Islam.
The purpose of my work is to present the religion of modern India and Buddhism,
then answer the question in the topic: What kind of influence in the culture
and business does religion have?
India – one of the largest countries in the world – combines different
cultures and traditions, is a country full of contradictions and contrasts, in
which many languages are spoken, including Hindi as official language, 17
regional languages and English as an auxiliary.
Hinduism was formed in the V in the first century and is confessed by most
of the population of this state which means around 81,1% of the population.
Unlike Christianity, Buddhism or Islam, Hinduism did not evolve from the
teachings of one man. This religion is a gigantic conglomeration of various
beliefs and views, often even contradictory. Some say that there are 330
million gods and deities in Hinduism. For practical reasons, it is accepted
that the Hindu is one who was born in one of the many castes and who accepts
the teachings written in sanities, which is, in the four oldest Vedas.
But when it comes to talk about the real influence of Hinduism for an
economy, social life and culture we can talk about it in bullet points to have
a clear view of what it is.
occupy a leading position in terms of amount of cattle, but Hinduism strictly
forbids the slaughter of these animals. Although they provide milk, fertilizer
and fuel, but this is incomparably smaller influence than using even a small
percentage of them for consumption, because of that India has a problem with
economy because of the lack of transfer of caste. Leguminous plants are taking
an important role in feeding the population and preventing starving.
in reincarnations prohibits the killing of living beings, including rodents,
which destroy agricultural produce.
large amount of cattle contributes to the production of natural fertilizer,
provides milk or skins that are used in the leather industry.
– mainly sacral – has a positive influence on the development of economy and
the greatest respect, the Hindus treat cows. In Hinduism, a cow is a highly
respected animal. Currently, slaughter of cows is banned in most Indian states.
Therefore, breeding is a secondary importance in the economy; the cattle
population used mainly as tractive force is 185.5 million units and that is
second place in the world, after Brazil.
caste discrimination is banned from 1948, it still exists today, because of
which Indian society is heavily petrified. The division into social groups –
castes looks exactly like this:
purpose of marriages is to maintain society, mutual care and giving birth to
children. According to the sacred scriptures of Hinduism, the wife’s duty is
devotion and service to her husband, and the husband to care for and protect
his wife. Children, however, are obliged to serve and respect parents, and
special care to surround them as they grow old.
sacred writings of this religion prescribe vegetarianism and claim that everyone
who eats, and even takes part in the preparation of meat, commits the sin of
killing the animal from which it comes.
is the conventional name of the Indian film industry created from a combination
of Hollywood and Bombay. It is a very large and important part of a cultural
life for many Indians who are proud of having their own Hollywood substitute based in the city of Mumbai.
is the discipline of self-improvement, meditation and asceticism in India,
which in the general sense is to lead to spiritual development, and in the
philosophical-religious aspect to the liberation of the practitioner of birth
Karamchand Gandhi – he created his own philosophy and program of action using
the achievements of Indian and European thought. He devoted much care to the
reform of India’s social life. He wanted to grant equal rights, improve the
situation of women and abolish marriages of children.
Buddhism is a religion from North India. It is a religious and
philosophical movement against faith in the gods, the Buddhists rejected the
caste system and the Vedic rites. They took over the idea of ??karma from an
older religion, reincarnation, nirvana and many other concepts. Their religion
emphasizes meditation and observance of moral standards.
Its creator was Gautama. Buddhism proclaims the idea of ??tolerance for
different views and beliefs recognizing them as different ways of proclaiming
the same human rights, equality of societies, and condemning caste.
He found many followers among peoples living in harsh natural and social
conditions. It requires from its followers the renunciation of pleasure, purity
of heart, kindness for all forms of life, and above all for the suffering. The
language of Buddhism is the language of its followers. Although the cradle of
Buddhism is India, in modern India Buddhists have become only a religious
minority displaced by Hinduism.
Once in Poland I was attending performance or a meeting at one of the polish
universities where a guy talking about Buddhism and its influence told the audience
that there are four spheres in which Buddhism affects the culture, and this is
how it looked like:
1) Science: among the world’s great religions, Buddhism is the religion
most conducive to science.
The search for liberation from the suffering of the historical Buddha
itself proceeded according to the empirical method and many aspects of Buddhist
practice are characterized by a scientific approach.
2) Psychology: 2,500 years ago, the historical Buddha studied the depth
of his own mind and left traces of this search. His instructions and insights
inspire both contemporary neurologists and psychotherapists.
3) Equality: “Every living being has the nature of Buddha and all
can become Buddhas” – the first words that Buddha gave after his
enlightenment summarize the non-anthropocentric Buddhist perspective. Instead
of focusing on people or men as the most important species, the radical view of
the cattle covers all living beings.
4) The restoration of nature: the Buddhist perspective of radical
equality wins humanity back into the web of life and overcomes the gap between
the individual and the environment. It presents the perception of nature as a
community that needs to be cultivated and not as sources of mercilessly used