William written about preserves immortality of the beloved, then

William Shakespeare wrote one of his most famous sonnets Sonnet 18, about someone who was madly in love with a someone. The speaker begins his sonnet by asking if he should compare “thee” to a summer’s day. He says that his beloved is far more lovely and even-tempered than a summer’s day. He begins to give us a list of many reasons why the summer isn’t as great as his beloved. He continues to say that everything beautiful in our world eventually fades by nature’s inevitable changes or as simply as chance. But returning to his beloved, he argues that their summer won’t every end. Nor will their beauty fade away. Also death will never be able to take them from him, since their love will always live on in the eternal lines of the sonnet. The speaker concludes that as long as humans live, see, and read, the sonnet which he wrote will live on, allowing his beloved to live on as well. Within the first two lines the narrator has already set the tone as being an extremely romantic, emotional, and fluid sonnet. While on the outside Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare seems to be a simple romantic sonnet, after a closer reading it is clear there is much more to the sonnet. From this lines 1-2 the speaker tries to set up a comparison between the beloved and a simple summer’s day. “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?/ Thou art more lovely and more temperate;” (lines 1-2).  He tries to distinguish them, arguing that the beloved, unlike summer, will be saved by the beautiful sonnet.However, the contrast doesn’t work, since summer seems much more eternal than the beloved which he writes about. If being written about preserves immortality of the beloved, then the summer must also be immortal because the speaker’s writing about it in the sonnet as well. These lines are full of figurative language, all showing how the speaker is going to save the beloved from the fate of fading away. The beloved’s life is described in a metaphor as a “summer’s day,” and then his or her beauty is shown in another metaphor as a item which can be kept . Death is then personified, as the “gold complexion dimm’d” (line 6) Finally, the “eternal lines to time” (line 12) are a metaphor for the sonnet, which will save the beloved. Then starting on line 4 the speaker starts explaining how short summer feels. “And summer’s lease hath all too short a date” (Line 4). Using personification and metaphor, the speaker is saying that summer has a lease on the weather, which is mentioned in the prior line “Rough Winds do shake the darling buds of May” (line 3). Summer’s “lease” must be returned at the end of the summer. When reading sonnet 18 the special meaning which is gain is that the speaker wants the beauty of the beloved to live on forever. The speaker begins by explaining the most beautiful, perfect summers day, which is dull in comparison to his beloved. He shows everything wrong with the beautiful season, such as the weather with the “Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May” (line 3) and the fact that the hot day over powers the beauty,  “…too hot the eye of heaven shines,/ and often his gold complexion dimm’d” (lines 5-6). But his beloved’s eternal summer will never fade. The beauty which is dimmed by the rough weather will not be dimmed inside of her. The shade which makes the beauty of summer become covered, will not touch his beloved. “Nor will Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,” (line 11). The shade, or death, will not get the opportunity to take the beloved into the shadow of death since they are immortal through the lines of the poem.Symbols help enhance poems and sonnets and create a more vivid visual. One symbol which is extremely prominent in this sonnet is the symbol of weather and seasons. Shakespeare included personification by , giving a human characteristics to the elements in nature. The speaker explains throughout the poem how his beloved is, in multiple ways, more superior to a summer day, ultimately concluding that while summer ends, the beloved beauty lives on in the beauty of the sonnet. Another symbol the speaker relates to his love and the seasons to shade vs. death. The speaker states that “And often in his gold complexion dimm’d” (line 6) when discussing the summer, but he then relates this to his love, saying that, “…thy eternal summer shall not fade” (line 9) and that “nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade” (line 11). The speaker is trying to explain how the symbol of shade relates to death. Shade is the death of summer, but the beloveds eternal summer will never be dimmed, they will be eternal. “When in eternal lines to time thou growest:” (line 12) “lines to time” refers to the sonnet, because they are lines set to a meter. So through this sonnet the beloved will be able to grow and be eternal. With a thorough reading of William Shakespeare’s sonnet 18 the reader gains the knowledge of the love of the speaker to his beloved. He begins his sonnet with a question, asking if he can compare thee to a summer’s day. Then answers his own question with lines two through twelve. The speaker explains that he cannot compare his love to a summer’s day, because his love is better than a summer’s day. She has no bad weather, the dark won’t touch her. Shakespeare then ends his sonnet by sending the message of how the beauty of his beloved will never fade, because for as long as men can breathe and see they will live on in the the sonnet. All of this is true, however, with a quick reading the reader may think that is all this sonnet is, a romantic love letter. However, this sonnet is not only a love letter to the speakers dearly beloved. This is a sonnet is to be read from the reader point of view. By continuing to read the sonnet, the reader will try to make the beloved grow into a character, which we have in our own minds. Whether that be someone who the reader loves, or someone the reader hopes to love. Reading the sonnet continues to create an ideal person in our minds, turing him or her immortal in our minds. Shakespeare didn’t write this sonnet to keep his own beloved alive, he wrote it to keep the readers beloved eternal.


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